India has been strengthening its economic ties with other nations for several years now. Currency swap agreements are one way in which India has established better trade relationships with other countries. In fact, India has signed several currency swap agreements with various nations in recent times. In this article, we will examine the number of countries with which India has signed currency swap agreements and their implications for the country.

What is a Currency Swap Agreement?

Before we dive into the number of countries India has signed currency swap agreements with, it`s essential to understand what currency swap agreements are. In simple terms, a currency swap agreement is a financial transaction where two parties agree to exchange their currencies at a pre-determined exchange rate. This transaction facilitates trade between the two nations, ensuring that they can conduct transactions without being affected by currency fluctuations.

How Many Currency Swap Agreements Does India Have?

As of 2021, India has signed currency swap agreements with eight countries. These include Japan, the United Arab Emirates, Sri Lanka, Mauritius, Nepal, the Maldives, Bhutan, and Seychelles. These agreements represent India`s growing economic prowess and showcase its commitment to strengthening bilateral trade ties with its neighboring countries.

Implications of Currency Swaps for India

For India, currency swap agreements bring several benefits. Firstly, they provide the country with access to a diverse range of currencies, which allows it to reduce its dependence on a single currency, primarily the US dollar. This diversification of currency exposure reduces the country`s vulnerability to fluctuations in a single currency.

Secondly, currency swap agreements help India to manage its balance-of-payment (BoP) deficit. India`s BoP deficit is a result of the country`s import-heavy economy, which results in a significant outflow of foreign currency. By signing currency swap agreements, India can access foreign currency when needed, ensuring it can meet its import obligations without affecting its ability to repay loans or meet other financial liabilities.

Lastly, currency swap agreements also help India to improve its international standing. They showcase India`s economic strength and willingness to participate in global trade, which can attract foreign investment and strengthen its trade relationships with other nations.


In conclusion, India has signed currency swap agreements with eight countries, which have provided it with several benefits, including access to a diverse range of currencies, managing its BoP deficit, and improving its international standing. With India`s increasing economic strength and growing trade relationships, we can expect to see more currency swap agreements signed in the future.